LC-MS identification of derivatized free fatty acids from adipocere in soil samples
Free fatty acids were derivatized as amides (DFFA) by reaction with (R)-(+)-1-phenyl-ethylamine, using a simple, fast and robust reaction scheme. A HPLC method with diode array and ESI MS detection was developed for the analysis of the derivatized substances. Six fatty acids were used in the method development: myristic, linoleic, palmitic, oleic, margaric and stearic acids. Under these conditions the elution of the DFFA are well resolved with retention times raging from 6.9 to 16.0 min. Fatt...
Synthesis of methyl (+/-)-3,5-bis(substitutedmethyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxylates: a convenient approach to proline-mimetics
Starting from readily available N-benzyl protected methyl 3,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)pirrolidinecarboxylate a number of racemic methyl t-3,t-5-disubstitutedprolinates have been synthesised, thus opening a practical way towards the preparation of a variety of putative proline-mimetics. In this context, N-Boc protected derivatives proved to be better intermediates than their N-benzyl counterparts in terms of cleanness and overall yield of the synthetic procedure.
Synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of novel substituted 9-deazaxanthines as A(2B) receptor antagonists
A new series of 9-deazaxanthine derivatives with various substituents at the heterocyclic system were synthesized and evaluated for their binding affinities for the four human recombinant adenosine receptors, A(1)-A(3) subtypes. A number of the 9-deazaxanthines derivatives 3a-m showed moderate-to-high affinity for hA(2B) receptors, with compound 3f showing a 32-fold selectivity for A(2B) over A(1) and a 2750-fold selectivity for A(2B) over A(2A).
Combined role of molecular diffusion, mean streaming and helicity in the eddy diffusivity of short-correlated random flows
We analytically investigate the effective-diffusivity tensor of a tracer particle in a fluid flow endowed with a short correlation time. By means of functional calculus and a multiscale expansion, we write down the main contributions to the eddy diffusivity due to each single physical effect and to their interplays. Namely, besides molecular diffusivity and a constant uniform mean streaming, we take into account the possibility for the (incompressible, Gaussian, stationary, homogeneous, isotr...
Monitoring pesticide residues in greenhouse tomato by combining acetonitrile-based extraction with dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction followed by gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry
A multiclass and multiresidue method for pesticide analysis in tomato was validated. Extraction and pre-concentration of the pesticide residues from acetonitrile extracts was performed by using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) technique, followed by gas chromatography-mass detection. DLLME was performed using carbon tetrachloride as extractive solvent and acetonitrile extract as dispersive solvent, in order to increase enrichment factor of the extraction procedure. Validation ...