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dc.creatorAndrade, N
dc.creatorAlves, E
dc.creatorCosta, AR
dc.creatorMoura-Ferreira, P
dc.creatorAzevedo, A
dc.creatorLunet, N
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To characterize specific knowledge on cardiovascular disease, particularly stroke and myocardial infarction (MI), and its relationship with sociodemographic factors, health literacy and clinical history, among the Portuguese population. Methods: In a cross-sectional study conducted in 2012, a total of 1624 Portuguese-speaking residents of mainland Portugal, aged between 16 and 79 years, were assessed through face-to- face interviews using a structured questionnaire. Results: Around 30% of participants were unable to estimate the risk of MI or stroke. On average, those who responded estimated that 34.2% and 35.6% of Portuguese will suffer a stroke or MI, respectively, during their lifetime. Not smoking (36.8%) and a healthy diet (32.8%) were identified as the most important behaviors for prevention of cardiovascular disease, and less than half of the participants responded that the most appropriate option in the presence of acute cardiovascular signs or symptoms was to call the emergency number. Dependence on daily activities (90.7%) and impaired speech (89.8%) were frequently recognized as consequences of stroke, white heart failure (86.4%) and dependence on daily activities (85.3%) were the most frequently identified consequences of MI. Overall, participants with adequate health literacy revealed more appropriate cardiovascular health-related knowledge. Conclusions: There are important gaps in cardiovascular health-related knowledge in the Portuguese population. Health education strategies and practices should be sensitive to the differences in health literacy described herein, in order to improve cardiovascular health knowledge among the Portuguese population. (C) 2018 Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by through the Operational Program Competitiveness and Internationalization and national funding from the, under the project 'Health information of Portuguese population: Knowledge and perceived quality and accessibility of health information sources' (ref. FCT: HMSP-IISE/SAU-ICT/0004/2009), and the Unidade de Investigacao em Epidemiologia - Instituto de Saade Pablica da Universidade do Porto (EPIUnit) (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006862; ref. UID/DTP/04750/2013); the Postdoc Grant (to EA) and the PhD grant (to ARC) were co-funded by the and Programa Operacional Capital Humano (POCH/FSE).
dc.relation.ispartofRev Port Cardiol (Engl Ed). 2018 Aug;37(8):669-677. doi: 10.1016/j.repc.2017.10.017. Epub 2018 Jul 25.
dc.subjectCardiovascular disease
dc.subjectHealth information management
dc.subjectHealth knowledge
dc.subjectPrimary prevention
dc.titleKnowledge about cardiovascular disease in Portugal
dc.typeArtigo em Revista Científica Nacional
dc.contributor.uportoInstituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto
Appears in Collections:ISPUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Nacional

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