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Author(s): Vânia B. Oliveira
Daniela S. Falcão
Carmen M. Rangel
Alexandra M. F. R. Pinto
Title: Water management in a passive direct methanol fuel cell
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Passive direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) are under development for use in portable applications because of their enhanced energy density in comparison with other fuel cell types. The most significant obstacles for DMFC development are methanol and water crossover because methanol diffuses through the membrane generating heat but no power. The presence of a large amount of water floods the cathode and reduces cell performance. The present study was carried out to understand the performance of passive DMFCs, focused on the water crossover through the membrane from the anode to the cathode side. The water crossover behaviour in passive DMFCs was studied analytically with the results of a developed model for passive DMFCs. The model was validated with an in-house designed passive DMFC. The effect of methanol concentration, membrane thickness, gas diffusion layer material and thickness and catalyst loading on fuel cell performance and water crossover is presented. Water crossover was lowered with reduction on methanol concentration, reduction of membrane thickness and increase on anode diffusion layer thickness and anode and cathode catalyst layer thickness. It was found that these conditions also reduced methanol crossover rate. A membrane electrode assembly was proposed to achieve low methanol and water crossover and high power density, operating at high methanol concentrations. The results presented provide very useful and actual information for future passive DMFC systems using high concentration or pure methanol. Copyright (c) 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Subject: Ciências Tecnológicas, Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias
Technological sciences, Engineering and technology
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias
Engineering and technology
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia/Projectos de I&DT em Todos os Domínios Científicos/POCTI/EQU/47054/2002/Fenómenos de Transporte em Células de Combustível com Alimentação Directa de Metanol: Modelização e Estudos Experimentais/POCTI/EQU/47054/2002
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia/Projectos de I&DT em Todos os Domínios Científicos/PTDC/EQU-FTT/112475/2009/MICROPILHAS - Miniaturização de Células de Combustível de Metanol Directo: design, modelação e optimização/MICROPILHAS
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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